Don Lugo English Department

  • If you are interested in taking AP English courses:

    • AP English 11
    • AP English 12

    Please speak to an english teacher and your counselor. Learn about all the benefits of AP courses.

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  • Courses

    English 9 Intensive

    English 9 Intensive is a comprehensive reading intervention course specifically designed to accelerate reading and academic achievement for students and provides them with an introduction to a rigorous English Language Arts curriculum. Designed as an intensive intervention, it is expanded into a double block period to meet course requirements and Common Core State Standards for English 9 along with the Essential Program Components (EPC) for Intensive English Language Arts instruction. The course is structured to provide instruction based on Scholastic’s READ 180 program and core literature to provide reading comprehension strategies, approaches to essay writing, and vocabulary development skills to students, as well as literary analysis skills and strategies. Scholastic’s READ 180 intervention program is one of California’s State Board Adopted Instructional Materials Programs as well. Notably, English 9 Intensive provides at-risk students the opportunity to build strong literacy skills while remaining on track for university admittance.

    English 9CP

    This course is designed for all students and is grounded in the college and career readiness anchor standards meant to prepare all students for college and career. The course emphasizes literacy and development through instruction in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and langauge. Students are introduced to literature and informational texts along with paragraph and essay development. Short story and poetry elements are taught along with analysis of novels and drama. Students learn to produce writing and present ideas using appropriate devices and structure for audience and purpose. 

    English 9 Honors

    This is an English course designed to meet the needs of the student working above grade level. The emphasis is on the further development of writing ability in general, the introduction of analytical writing and the writing domains specified in the District Writing Portfolio, abstract and critical thinking, an introduction to literary genres, and an appreciation of literature. Mythology and a Shakespearean play are included as major content areas. Other things covered include vocabulary development, listening and speaking skills, and further improvement in the student’s library and research skills. The course is conducted at an accelerated level and is designed to prepare students for other English Honors and accelerated courses in grades ten through twelve.

    English 10 CP

    This course is designed for all students and is grounded in the college and career readiness anchor standards meant to prepare all students for college and career. The course emphasizes literacy and development through instruction in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and langauge. Students are introduced to literature and informational texts. Analyses of literary genres include short story, poetry, novel, and drama. Students write for a variety of purposes such as analytical, reflective, autobiographical, observational, and descriptive. Writing conventions and vocabulary devlopment are addressed within the context of the writing process and the study of literature. Students can expect to participate in a variety of oral and listening activities along with oral presentations.  

    English 10 Honors

    This is an English course designed to meet the needs of the student working above grade level. The emphasis is on the further development of writing in general, the development of analytical writing and the writing domains specified in the District Writing Portfolio, abstract and critical thinking, further study of literary genres, and an appreciation of literature. Mythology and a Shakespearan play are included as major content areas. Other things covered include vocabulary development, listening and speaking skills, and further improvement in the student's library and research skills. The course is conducted at an accelerated level and is designed to prepare students for other English Honors and accelerated courses in grades eleven and twelve.

    English 11 CP

    This course is designed for all students and is grounded in the college and career readiness anchor standards meant to prepare all students for college and career. This course continues building upon students’ literacy and language development through reading, writing, speaking and listening. The course emphasizes the analysis of literary nonfiction along with increasingly rigorous and complex literature including short stories, poetry, and drama. Reading standards are applied to seminal texts from eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth century united states history. The course continues developing student writing in informative, argumentative, and explanatory texts for a variety of audiences.

    AP English 11 

    This is an advanced English course at college freshman level designed for the student working above grade level who is university bound. In addition to being an above level course, it also prepares students to gain college credit through the Advanced Placement (AP) Exam. This course is designed to be equivalent to the introductory year of college composition course work. The AP Course Audit provides each AP teacher with a set of expectations that college and secondary school faculty nationwide have established for college-level courses. The AP English Language and Composition Exam employs multiple-choice questions to test the students’ skills in analyzing the rhetoric of prose passages. Students are also asked to write several essays to demonstrate the skills they have learned in the course. Course content is dictated by the College Board’s Advanced Placement curricular requirements. An advanced course in English Language and Composition engages students in becoming skilled readers of prose written in a variety of periods, disciplines, and rhetorical contexts. Students read and carefully analyze a broad and challenging range of prose selections, and develop their awareness of how language works. They learn to observe and analyze the words, patterns, and structures that create subtle effects of language. They learn to describe language, demonstrating working knowledge of parts of speech, structural patterns, and awareness of connotations and shades of meaning in context. Writing is heavily emphasized, encompassing essays, research papers, the writing domains specified in the District Writing portfolio, and especially the study of the artistic use of language of increasing complexity and the function(s) of rhetoric in composition. The college course provides students with opportunities to write about a variety of subjects from a variety of disciplines and to demonstrate an awareness of audience and purpose. This course also emphasizes the expository, analytical, and argumentative writing that forms the basis of academic and professional communication, as well as the personal and reflective writing that fosters the development of writing facility in any context. Other areas covered include vocabulary development, listening and speaking activities, and further improvement of library and research study skills.

    English 12 CP

    Through an integrated model of literacy, English 12 CP is a course within a kindergarten through 12 sequence that was built to ensure that all students are literate and college and career ready no later than the end of high school.

    AP English 12

    This is an advanced English course at college freshman level designed for the student working above grade level who is university bound. In addition to being an honors level course, it also prepares students to gain college credit through the Advanced Placement (AP) Exam. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam employs multiple-choice questions that test the student’s critical reading of selected passages. But the exam also requires writing as a direct measure of the student’s ability to read and interpret literature and to use other forms of discourse effectively. Course content is dictated by College Board’s Advanced Placement requirements and by District and state standards which includes elements of British and world literature. The course includes intensive study of representative works from various genres and periods. Students will read deliberately and thoroughly, taking time to understand a work’s complexity, to absorb its richness of meaning, and to analyze how the meaning is embodied in literary form. Through the close reading of selected texts, students deepen their understanding of the ways writers use language to provide both meaning and pleasure for their readers. In addition to considering a work’s literary artistry, students reflect on the social and historical values it reflects and embodies. Writing is heavily emphasized, encompassing essays, research papers, the writing domains specified in the District Writing Portfolio, and especially the study of the artistic use of language of increasing complexity. Writing assignments focus on the critical analysis of literature and include expository, analytical, and argumentative essays. The writing in this course involves extended discourse in which students develop an argument or present an analysis at length. To that end, writing instruction includes attention to developing and organizing ideas in clear, coherent, and persuasive language. Other areas covered include vocabulary development, listening and speaking activities, and further improvement of library and research study skills.

     Expository Reading & Writing

    The Expository Reading and Writing Course (ERWC) is a California State University (CSU) designed full year college preparatory English course for high school seniors. The ERWC aligns with the California English Language Arts Content Standards, and addresses critical reading and writing problems identified by the CSU English Placement Test Committee, and prepares student to meet the expectations to fulfill “conditionally ready” status on the CSU’s Early Assessment Program. Course assignments are based mainly on non-fiction texts, emphasize in depth study of expository, analytical, and argumentative reading and writing.

    Innovation to Commercialization

    Innovation to Commercialization combines English Language Arts Common Core State Standards with the Advanced Manufacturing Career Technical Education (CTE) Standards. This course will introduce and then lead each student through the design process of an original product that meets a need that has been identified by each student in his or her surrounding community. Students will be expected to read a variety of short stories, expository pieces, technical documents, novels, analyze information provided in multimedia formats, all of which provides the vehicle for developing and refining listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in the context of product design. Specific writing in this course includes the composition of user manuals, proposals, literary analysis, research responses/essays, persuasive texts, and marketing materials. As students approach the creation of their own product, they will examine case studies of inventions and their impact on history, society and the environment; conduct a needs assessment of their surrounding community; consider the ethics involved in the creation and manufacturing of a product; perform a cost analysis; explore the laws of intellectual property and how they apply to the student’s product; analyze marketing and advertising techniques of products; and ultimately create a comprehensive portfolio of their work throughout the design process of their original product.